My AMD Hackintosh OpenCore triple boot in same disk notes

A few notes about the main points I learnt installing triple boot into my new PC:

  1. When picking the hardware components, search for success stories related to such components so that you make sure they’re compatible and someone has already prepared configuration you can work on instead of building the setup from zero. E.g Non APU Ryzen (without G) + Gigabyte X570 + Radeon RX580
  2. Be aware that if you want to use Hackintosh as your only OS, intel will be easier and better supported, e.g docker with hypervisor, Adobe suite… My idea is using Linux, leaving OSX option for Xcode and Windows10 for gaming and win-only software.
  3. OpenCore is currently the only option for AMD, do not lose time reading about clover. See this video as an intro, not enough to get into action but you’ll get a general idea: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=l_QPLl81GrY
  4. You can lose data quite easily, e.g touching partitions, so make sure you backup if needed.
  5. Make sure you read this guide carefully, it’s more precise and updated than the video: https://dortania.github.io/OpenCore-Install-Guide/
  6. This guide is also quite interesting: https://github.com/alkalim/ryzen-catalina
  7. Once you’ve seen the video and read the guide you’ll be ready if you understand these topics: Boot USB, STDT, ACPI, KEXT, UEFI, config.plist, SMBIOS
  8. If you find someone who already succeeded with your same CPU + Motherboard (e.g lucky me!) it will be way more easier to setup, as you might avoid the pain of testing different kexts and configs) but you still need to make sure you understand what you’re doing (previous points). Otherwise your Mac install menu will appear in Russian and you’ll have to figure out why that happens and how to reset NVRAM.
  9. You need to installs OSs in this order: Windows, Linux, Mac (3 pendrives). Both Windows and Linux need to be running in UEFI mode, and once both are running like that, you’ll need to resize the UEFI partition to at least 200MB as it’s a Mac requirement. (EFI created by default by Windows is 100MB…)
  10. You also need a Gparted USB so that you can create the Mac partition with the free space that you left after installing Windows and Linux, you’ll use HPFS+ but in Mac install partitions tool you’ll need to enable journaling for it (File > Enable Journaling) and convert it to APFS. Otherwise it will complain about lack of “firmware partition” (UEFI) even though you had already prepared it.
  11. In the middle of the installation it will reboot without warning and restart going on the installation from the disk.
  12. If the latest Realtek kext does not work for you, e.g unable to configure NIC on installation, try with v2.2.2, it did the trick for me.
  13. Once successfully installed you typically need to do a few postinstall things:
    1. Just in case Windows update messes up with opencore boot loader make sure you install BootStrap.efi in BIOS. That way you’ll always have the “OpenCore” option in BIOS.
    2. You need to update the hard disk UEFI partition. If you prepare the USB BOOT MAC drive with gibmacos you might not have an EFI partition there, you just need to mount the EFI hard disk partition manually, delete its EFI folder and drop the one you have in the USB BOOT.
    3. If OpenCore is unable to detect Linux, make sure you installed it in UEFI mode, e.g in Linux mint picking the UEFI partition as boot partition.

Enjoy!

Other links:

https://github.com/ivmos/config/tree/master/ryzentosh

https://github.com/sergeycherepanov/homebrew-docker-virtualbox

Designing Data-Intensive Applications Book: Chapter 1 Summary

I start a series of blog posts with summaries about this interesting book: Designing Data-Intensive Applications

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What is a data-intensive application?

It s an application where raw CPU power is rarely a limiting factor and the problems are the amount of data, the complexity of data, and the speed at which it changes. It is built from standard building blocks that provide commonly needed functionality.

In this chapter, we see the fundamentals of what we are trying to achieve.

Continue reading Designing Data-Intensive Applications Book: Chapter 1 Summary

Google Photos API, how to use it and why it will probably disappoint you

photos_96dp

 

Recently I needed to close a Google Apps account, and I tried to migrate albums programmatically.  I’ll document here the needed steps and explain why this Google API is useless for most of us:

First you need an app token, you can get it from Google Console on https://console.developers.google.com. There you need to register your project and associate API from the library.

You should now have both client_id and client_secret so you can fetch the code quite easily with a OAUTH2 flow:

#!/bin/sh

$client_id = "foo"
$client_secret= "bar"

scope="https://www.googleapis.com/auth/photoslibrary+https://www.googleapis.com/auth/photoslibrary.sharing"

url="https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/auth?client_id=$client_id&redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob&scope=$scope&response_type=code"

echo $url

If you open such output URL with a browser you’ll get the $code and with such code, you can just fetch the tokens.

$code = "lol"
curl --request POST --data "code=$code&client_id=$client_id&client_secret=$client_secret&redirect_uri=urn:ietf:wg:oauth:2.0:oob&grant_type=authorization_code" https://accounts.google.com/o/oauth2/token

With the refresh_code you can already do what you need, here you have an example kotlin script I worked on https://gist.github.com/ivmos/860b5db0ffeeeba8ffd33adebfaaa094

But finally, I just did it manually zooming out from web client. It happens that Google just offers consents that allow you to manipulate photos and albums created with your own app, so you can’t move around photos between albums created by the official too. This means you cannot organize your library automatically unless you just need to work with photos you would upload with your own app…

 

 

HOWTO see Google Calendar events in yearly view

245px-google_calendar

It turns out I already have booked a few events for 2019 so I wanted to have a yearly view of everything I have. I was disappointed to see that current Google Calendar yearly events view is useless as It’s just empty. There are lots of comments about this issue in this Google productforums entry.

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:S

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Ron Irrelavent is absolutely right

So I did some search to look for solutions and I found these 2:

  • Google Calendar Plus extension
    • I haven’t even tried as I’m tired of Chrome extensions but seems to work.
  • Visual-Planner project
    • A bit ugly but it works and it’s open-source so this is what I’m using. You can use it without installing it here (you just need to OAUTH to your gmail account). Only drawback is that it does not display names for multi-day events, as a workaround you can create a single event for the first day e.g “Flight to London”

Captura de pantalla 2019-01-12 a las 13.13.09.png
This is something ¯\_(ツ)_/¯

Let me know if you have better alternatives.

I also hope Google implements this..  Hello Google PMs? 🙂

Thoughts about React Native after working with it

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I faced the following challenge in January:

  • Porting a complex webapp to native Android and iOS. The web-app to be ported is written in ReactJs+Redux. Besides most of its business logic is in a pure ES5 javascript library.

So in this situation, React Native (“RN” from now on) seemed like the way to go as we wanted to have a working prototype in a month and it should be maintained in both Android and iOS without extra resources.

Continue reading Thoughts about React Native after working with it

A Tech Lead HOWTO

I’ve been working in a Tech Lead role position for something more than 2.5 years. Some notes I can write here that would have been useful for me and hopefully for someone reaching this page:

  1. Read this HN question comments: https://news.ycombinator.com/item?id=10395046
  2. Create a roadmap, parallel to the team projects. Make sure you have a long-term plan in mind.Having-a-Social-Media-Game-Plan-Higher-Profits.jpg
  3. Your team needs to fulfill the projects maintaining a good working environment, otherwise, they’ll burn out soon. The opposite is true too, it does matter having the happiest team if projects don’t evolve as they should.Happy_minions.jpg
  4. Be patient, start just with little improvements as you understand your area. Avoid revolution feeling, people don’t like too many changes at the same time.
  5. Coding is probably not the most important thing you’ll do for your team. First months it will feel awkward but you’ll get used to it once you understand your responsibilities.
  6. Understand your area top-down, from architecture to code so you’ll probably won’t be an expert in every repo but you probably should be an expert of how everything glues together, how the architecture works and how it should evolve.
  7. 1:1s are one of the most important things you’ll do, make sure most of the 1:1 time is just informal, the projects sync part should be just the first 5 minutes. Try fixing calendar events for them.1-1s.png
  8. Overcommunicate: tell important things to the team as a group and repeat it again in each 1:1 and see if your message is being understood. Always ask for the opinion, especially in 1:1s, your mates will often help you to do things better.
  9. Be data driven, make sure you can see the state of everything with data, you should not need to do ad-hoc queries or launching dirty scripts to gather important health data. Your important telemetrics and KPIs should always be available to be reviewed. However, if you find yourself checking a metric a lot for certain thresholds, just create an alarm!Data-driven-business.jpg
  10. You’ll need to keep caring about your craftsmanship and it will be more difficult than ever as you won’t be coding most of the day. However, you should make sure you keep improving technically, not just growing in soft skills. Try maintaining pet-projects, courses and try to contribute to team code in small priority tasks from time to time.
  11. Be involved in code reviews and read every pull request if possible, that’s where you’ll feel how good work is evolving. However, avoid micro-manage, especially to senior mates, just be a helpful safety net if needed. Avoid commenting in CRs if you have nothing important to say, avoid the “here comes the boss comment” syndrome.03
  12. Detect any block and tackle it with most urgency. It’s one of your main responsibilities. Ask for blocks in every standup.
  13. Be the tech proxy for your team so that they can focus on their tasks. Be ready to be interrupted, learn how to optimize context changes. Actually, make sure your team understands you’re approachable and they can ping you if any problem without waiting, you’re there to be interrupted at any time if needed.
  14. Supervise estimations. Avoid being always dummy conservative, think carefully about risks and if any high risk then yes, be conservative with estimation. But if you’re estimating a task your team already did in the past, it should be pretty straightforward (and perhaps should be automated?)
  15. Try introducing and welcome changes to how things are done but be careful about when those changes are applied as if they impact a project, it can be difficult to justify. Related to this, avoid taking the easy route of just saying always “NO” to new things just to avoid risks, as your platform should evolve as part of your plan.main-qimg-fbef4b8b75dbb14bf216652c98ef2232
  16. Measure technical debt, buy it consciously and fight it as part of your plan with priorities.
  17. Improve your soft skills. You’ll be more time talking to people than to your IDE.
  18. Be always constructive with feedback, as a criticism without action points to follow is not a solution.
  19. Be the Toxic-comments goalkeeper. Try favoring a positive environment. However, don’t confuse toxic comment with a constructive critic.24293_1.jpg
  20. Tech Lead position is quite prone to workaholism. Go home! Read this post by Rafael López: https://badoo.com/techblog/blog/2017/04/11/leads-go-home-and-take-your-reports-with-you/

 

Good luck!

An easy Vim IDE setup: using Vundle

Are you bored of messing up with your own custom .vimrc which is eventually broken or difficult to maintain?. Well, there are lots of projects in order to have a vim plugin environment well setup, I’ll just show one of them. I’m following the steps you can see in https://github.com/jez/vim-as-an-ide install instructions:

  1. First, let’s get Vundle:
mv ~/.vim ~/.vim.beforeVundleBackup
mv ~/.vimrc ~/.vimrc.beforeVundleBackup
mkdir ~/.vim && mkdir ~/.vim/bundle/
git clone https://github.com/gmarik/Vundle.vim ~/.vim/bundle/Vundle.vim

With that, you already have the bare minimum to work with Vundle.

       2. Follow this to get a proper font: https://github.com/jez/vim-as-an-ide/commit/457f2e2

If your using iTerm2 basically you need to download the solarized.zip file and load preset from the iterm2-color-solarized folder.

Captura de pantalla 2017-05-27 a las 8.42.20.png

Import both: “Solarized Dark” and “Solarized Light” and you can decide later which one is more convenient.

In iTerm2 make sure this is your terminal type (more info):

Captura de pantalla 2017-05-27 a las 9.07.01.png

     3. Now it’s time to get the vimrc:

wget https://github.com/jez/vim-as-an-ide/raw/master/vimrc.vim && mv vimrc.vim ~/.vimrc

     4. Now runvim +PluginInstall +qall

And that’s all, now your Vim should look like this:

Captura de pantalla 2017-05-27 a las 9.10.37

Now you already have a pretty good vim setup and you’ll be able to install new plugins easier.

e.g I can install a SML plugin just adding this to the .vimrc:

Just remember to run this every time you run a plugin:

vim +PluginInstall +qall

Implication, conditional, equivalence and biconditional: NL and code

This blog post is my attempt to explain these topics: implication, conditional, equivalence and biconditional.

I’ll also try to discuss examples both in natural language and code.

I’ve studied them in Mathematical Language subject and Introduction to Mathematical Thinking.

Implication

In natural language we often hear expressions or statements like this one:

If Athletic Bilbao wins, I’ll take a beer

Continue reading Implication, conditional, equivalence and biconditional: NL and code

Forks: wsdl2html_ivmos y wallahack_ivmos

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English

¿Qué hacer si tus pull requests no son aceptadas pero no quieres que esas aportaciones queden perdidas en ramas de tu fork? En mi opinión, para eso precisamente son los forks y es una de las ventajas del software libre. Lo suyo es probar primero una pull request, tratar de aportar al proyecto, es lo más práctico ya que el coste de mantener tu propio fork es considerable. Sin embargo a veces no es posible hacer que tus cambios lleguen al proyecto original y las razones pueden ser varias. Es algo que me ha ocurrido recientemente con dos pull requests:

https://github.com/ivmos/wsdl2html_ivmos

👍

Esta pull request entre otras cosas añade soporte a la utilidad wsdl2html para que se pueda autogenerar documentación en html a partir del proyecto. En este caso entiendo perfectamente porqué la pull request no se aceptó. Mi aproximación es muy específica para el caso de uso que me interesa: generar comentarios de un proyecto Java en el cual el WSDL se genera con JAX-WS en lugar de escribirse directamente. Genero los comentarios a partir de esos ficheros Java, lo cual es no es una forma útil si trabajas directamente con el WSDL.

https://github.com/ivmos/wallahack_ivmos

😞

Esta otra pull request sin embargo es bastante más triste. Sencillamente el autor nunca me contestó. Extendí la utilidad Wallahack, que permite consultar Wallapop haciendo scrapping de forma que puedes escribir scripts que busquen resultados periódicamente. Por ejemplo usé este fork durante un tiempo para detectar anuncios nuevos de ordenadores antiguos. La diferencia principal entre mi fork y el proyecto principal es que puede parametrizarse y tiene un par de arreglos que lo hacen usable.

En ambos casos no tengo suficiente tiempo ni interés para darles más evolución, por ello sigo la convención de renombrar sencillamente a {originalName}_ivmos.


Español

What should I do if my pull request aren’t accepted and I don’t want those changes to be lost as branches in your fork? IMHO, that’s actually the reason forks make sense and a main advantage of open source. You should try a pull request, with the needed effort to make it successful as maintaining your own fork can quite a pain. However sometimes it’s not possible and your pull request is not accepted. That’s something I’ve seen at least 2 times I’m telling you about:

https://github.com/ivmos/wsdl2html_ivmos

👍

This pull request is a branch which adds support to wsdl2html project. In this case I understand perfectly why the PR wasn’t accepted. My approach is very specific to the use case I had: generating comments from a java project where WSDL was generated with JAX-WS instead of being written manually. I generate the comments from those java files, which is an approach that does not make sense if you have worked directly with the WSDL (comments should be there).

https://github.com/ivmos/wallahack_ivmos

😞

This other PR is sad though. It was simply never answered. I extended Wallahack, which is a java tool which queries Wallapop web so that you can write scripts that poll periodically for results. For example, I used it to check whether new old computers had been posted recently.

In both cases I don’t have time to invest more time on them, that’s why I follow the convention of renaming the forked project to {originalName}_ivmos instead of using a new fancy name.